AIM Kennel - Fila BRasileiro

Health and Nutrition

 

Feeding

We recommend a high quality, soy free dry kibble for every day. The amount of food that a full grown Fila will eat depends on the individual dog. Some large, heavy boned dogs will eat as little as 6 cups a day, while others may eat 12. Below is some general information on feeding and caring for your puppy.

BASIC GUIDELINES FOR FEEDING PUPPIES

As a general rule of thumb: This chart is based on the assumption that a dog may be crated or less active during the day while the owner  is at work. Use this guideline to help prevent growth diseases.
         2 months    2-4 cups per day
         3 months    3-5 cups per day
         4 months    4-6 cups per day
         5 months    5-7 cups per day
         6 months    6-8 cups per day
         7 months    7-9 cups per day
         8 months    8-10 cups per day
         9 months    9-11 cups per day

These amounts are guidelines only. If you find the dog is too lean with these amounts, increase the amount by one more cup per day. As dogs mature, they will consume more food. You may consider one of the premium foods.

Do not soak or microwave food. Soaking food does not prevent bloat. Microwaving destroys nuterients.

I stop feeding puppy food and switch over to a high quality adult food when the puppies are completely weaned. A Fila puppy does not need the extra calcium that is in most puppy foods long term. Do not let your puppy get too heavy during the growth stages. This is especailly important for the weight bearning joints.

 No jogging or jumping until the dogs are 2 year old  and the bones are set. It is also best to avoid stairs if possible.

 Crate train your puppy. A puppy should not be leaft in a crate for longer than 6 hours, however, less is better. Most dog enjoy their crates and it becomes their "den". You should never punish a dog by putting it in its crate. A nice soft blanket or dog pillow will make it comfortable. Be careful about your choice of toys to put in the crate. DO NOT put them in a crate with any form of Rawhide - EVER. Edible Nylabones are safe. You have to be careful of fleece toys that squeek. The dogs can aspirate on those.

As for Playtime - do not play tug of war games, no chasing games or wrestling on the floor games with your dog. These are all dominance games that will only encourage the dog to challenge you at some point in their development.  These are not games that teach your dog to be a good citizen and an embassador of the breed.  Use common sense, do not act like a dog when playing with your dog, act like the human who is the leader of the pack. No rowdy behavior is allowed in the house, that is for outside with games of chasing after a stick or a ball. 

 

Vaccination Schedule

 

All AIM Kennel puppies will have at least 2, but most of the time 3 rounds of basic puppy vaccine before they leave the property. It is your responsibility to follow up with your veterinarian and their recommendations on vaccines. Your puppy will also need its Rabies vaccine when old enough.

 

Warning!

New F-Strain Parvo Virus:
Unlike the other strains of parvo (this appears to be the 7th mutation of the PARVO virus), this one may possibly be airborne. Apparently this has been brought to this country ( USA ) from Europe .

This strain is more deadly than the other strains of parvo and needs to be treated more aggressively. Dogs contracting this new strain will have accelerated symptoms and those dogs which are infected usually die of dehydration and shock because it commonly attacks the intestines causing severe, bloody diarrhea and vomiting. Making matters worse, it prevents the absorption of nutrients and fluids. As a further complication, it can also attack a dog’s heart causing congestive heart failure. This complication can occur months or years after an apparent recovery from the intestinal form of the disease.

It is most commonly contracted by puppies because their immature immune systems can’t fight the virus off but it can be contracted by adults as well. Adults can be carriers without showing any clinical signs. Parvo is most often fatal but, if an infected puppy survives, a complete recovery can occur. Typically, however, survivors remain somewhat un-healthy and weak for life.

The canine parvovirus can be transmitted by direct contact or indirectly by contact with vomit, diarrhea or any contaminated discharges from an infected dog. It is excreted in the feces of infected dogs and if someone or something (human, dog, bird, etc.) steps in it, it can be transported to new areas. It can also be transmitted on hands, clothing and even car tires.

Because parvo attacks swiftly, time is of the essence. If you feel your dog has been exposed to parvo, or it is showing symptoms, contact your veterinarian or an emergency veterinary hospital. From the time symptoms appear to the time of death can be as little as six hours. Fluids and electrolytes must be given to offset what the dog is losing. Care should be given immediately!

The symptoms of parvo include a sudden onset of vomiting, bloody diarrhea, dehydration, lethargy, high temperature and sometimes sudden death. Symptoms are similar in adults, although they can be less acute. It strikes with a quick vengeance, and pet owners often make the comment that their dog was up and playing a few hours prior to the animal becoming extremely ill.

Typically, it takes 7-10 days from the time of infection for the dog to start showing clinical signs and to test positive for parvo. Once the parvo virus is introduced into an animal’s environment, it can remain active for up to 9 months for possibly even longer. It is very hardy and can withstand wide temperature fluctuations and most cleaning agents. In fact most disinfectants cannot kill the virus but chlorine bleach is the most effective and inexpensive. Any areas thought to be contaminated should be thoroughly washed with 1 ounce of bleach per quart of water.

F strain symptoms to watch for:

  • Gelatin-like stool with some blood.

  • Vomiting with bile and foam.

  • Rapid weight loss (within a few hours after becoming ill.)

  • You may or may not see a temperature rise Temperature goes up to 106 or 107 degrees

  • Not drinking -- acts normal, playing but rests more often -- probably not eating

  • Lethargic -- lays around, dehydration continues -- at this point the dog will DIE in LESS than 24 hours unless it is detected in the first stage (not drinking and low grade temperature)

Like many viral illnesses, there exists no magical curative pill. Supportive care may be given in order to keep the dog alive long enough for the dog's immune system to fight the infection. This might include measures to keep the dog alive through preventing or treating dehydration and loss of proteins by giving fluids and electrolytes. Other measures might include controlling body temperature, giving blood transfusions when necessary and regulating systems in the body during the course of the disease. Antibiotic therpy may be used in preventing or treating secondary infections.

If you've recently lost a dog to parvo, veterinarians recommend that you wait six months to a year before putting a new puppy or non-vaccinated dog in to an infected environment (even if you have disinfected it). To immediately bring an animal into a situation where one has recently died of Parvo is a virtual death sentence for the new puppy. It is strongly recommend that there be no movement of dogs in or out of a kennel until 30 days have passed since last dog either recovered or died. Do not take your puppy out of your home where it can infect or be infected until it has had the complete series of shots. By keeping it isolated you may save its life.

DIsclaimer: Information on this web site in no way is to be considered a substitute for expert veterinary consultation.

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